There are no restrictions within the city limits but it cannot be used on the express regional trains and some bus lines. In the mid-60s, 5 private companies were responsible for running the city’s railway transportation. Benefit from our diversified tours, Culinary diversity: From traditional local cuisine to high-class eating, Memories of Cologne: Souvenirs from our KölnShop (Only in German), Discover Cologne inexpensively and conveniently with the KölnCard, Learn all about the services and offers of the official tourist board, You need information material about Cologne? Initially, this route runs along the east-west corridor. The Cologne Stadtbahn was inaugurated on October 11, 1968, and has experienced more than a hundred modifications, including line expansions and the construction of new stations. Since then, the entire city and part of its neighboring areas have been joined together by the railway transportation’s major connection point. Only Berlin, Hamburg and Munich surpass this land expanse. With a bus trip to Cologne you can plan many different activities, and you do not need to worry about your travel to or from the city because FlixBus will get you from A to B comfortably and efficiently. The first underground stretch opened in 1968. Brown is this line’s distinguishing color. Picture gallery (please click to open): ... Julia starts to investigate on her own and soon realises that she is just a puppet in a much bigger plan. Cologne articulated tram 3778 on tram line 1 in the square Neumarkt (1988) Photographer: Henrik Boye. Cologne’s main station is one of Europe’s most important railway hubs. Carte Bruxelles - Carte et plan détaillé Bruxelles Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Bruxelles et de ses environs ? There are six lines and 65 stations that connect to the Stadtbahn at various points. Among other KVB options, is the purchase of a Bahncard 100, which allows holders free travel through the region and local surrounding areas. The MobilPass offers discounts on every KVB ticket type and rate zones. However, near the end of the route, it begins running north to south. From one end of the city to the other, this route extends 16.2 kilometers (10.1 miles), in the shape of a half moon. Back to Cologne. The KVB devised another option for traveling throughout the city center. However, certain routes travel north to south. It connects with lines 18 and 16 of the tram, the first being south of Cologne while the second is north. Most are a part of the surface level trams. Thousands of bikes are available for cycling throughout the entire service area for a selected time. It can be stressful to plan a holiday in a new place, which is the last thing you want! The KVB offers an employee-managed service that provides advice related to the system’s ticket plans and particular routes. On the night of 9 and 10 December, the underground Krakow stop “Politechnika” served as a film set for the series “Westwall”, which German film and television broadcaster ZDF is currently filming in Poland, Cologne and the surrounding area. You can use your tickets across the train, tram, and bus network. Cologne is considered one of the most culturally developed cities in all of Germany. It can be stressful to plan a holiday in a new place, which is the last thing you want! Plan interactif . 2456x1736 / 1,37 Mb Go to Map. Visit our newsroom, KölnTourismus GmbH - Kardinal-Höffner-Platz 1 - D - 50667 Köln Email: info(at) - Phone: +49 (0) 221 346 43 0. Fee variations are distinguished according to the occupation, age and the academic level of the rider. Bringing together 1,081,701 people, Cologne is the most densely populated city in the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Bon plan: il arrive qu'un billet 1ere classe soit à peine plus cher qu'un billet de 2eme classe. It is made up of 18 stations that run from Thielenbruch to Hauptbahnhof in Bonn. These lines included the first stretch of underground tunnels, a structural idea that was finally realized in 1956, when construction work began. While in system facilities, it is therefore recommended to keep all personal belongings close by and to remain cognizant of any actions that suggest a possible theft. There are ticket machines on nearly all the trams and buses, as well as next to all public transport stops. Consulting this personnel team is usually recommended, especially when touring. You can travel to Cologne quickly and comfortably from major cities in Germany and other European countries: Every day, more than 1,300 trains run between Cologne and destinations throughout Germany and abroad. Nine of these are a part of the underground system and 6 are on the surface level tram. The bus network has a total of 48 lines that travel from one end of the city to the other and most have stops around Stadtbahn’s main stations. Plan bus Mulhouse, Plan arrêt tram M2A | SOLEA As this line runs parallel to Line 3, its distinguishing color is also green. Weekly ticket & Weekly FlexTicket. It runs from Am Butzweilerhof station to Haymarket station and is identified by the color purple. The Cologne-Bonn Konrad Adenauer International Airport is Germany’s sixth most important air terminal. This line’s distinguishing color is green. The station has good connections with Cologne's extensive public transport network of S and U-Bahn trains, trams, and buses, including regular night buses. Tram – Trams also connect certain areas in Cologne, but they’re not as fast or efficient as the trains. In addition to this characteristic, this is the busiest terminal area in the country, deeming it worthy of having its own bus and train stations. The public transport in Cologne is excellent. The Kölner Verkehrs-Betriebe (KVB) local transport company moves daily around 800,000 people with almost 60 lines, a good 380 trams and 320 buses. La commande des nouveaux tramways de type Citadis avec des adaptations spéciales pour le marché allemand s'élève à 363 millions d'euros. It connects the two banks of the Rhine at the height of Cologne's Zoo Bridge (Zoobrücke. On 11 March 1898, the city obtained from the railway department in Cologne a concession for the construction and operation of a meter-gauge tramway. Arrêts favoris. Week end à Cologne - forum Allemagne - Besoin d'infos sur Allemagne ? Welcome to Cologne – on this page we have translated a summary of the most important information about travel by bus and train in Cologne into English. The tarif levels depend on the distance from the city or the place where you start your journey. J’ai conçu pour vous un plan du tram 28 de Lisbonne qui vous montre les stations traversées par le tramway entre le terminus Martim Moniz dans le quartier de la Mouraria et le terminus Cemitério dos Prazeres, plus excentré, dans le quartier de Campo Ourique. The following table shows all ticket types and their various pricing. A Bombardier tram from MPK […] This line runs diagonally across the city’s north-south corridor. Train • 21 min. ICE - these are the big intercity trains. S-Bahn means Schnellbahn (“fast tram”) and according to its name it runs faster than a tram and stops at the main train stations, not at tram stops. Réserver AMERON Koeln Hotel Regent, Cologne sur Tripadvisor : consultez les 734 avis de voyageurs, 561 photos, et les meilleures offres pour AMERON Koeln Hotel Regent, classé n°6 sur 279 hôtels à Cologne et noté 4,5 sur 5 sur Tripadvisor. On 21 May 1902, a 2.8-kilometre (1.7 mi) long tramline built by Siemens & Schuckert between Bonn and Beuel went into operation. Profitez-en ! Technically, they can operate with up to four but the stations typically just have space for two. Besides, tickets are available at ticket machines next to public transport stops and at any KVB travel desk. This will go from Breslauer Platz station, on Line 18, to Bonntor. 1B Ticket (CityTicket): This can be applied to single trips for up to a maximum of four stations within the cities of Cologne or Bonn and is valid on any of the network’s modes of transportation. 2021: Lignes de métros de Cologne - Plan des lignes pour les touristes 2021: Linhas ferroviárias em Colônia - Rede de rotas turísticas 2021: Líneas ferroviarias en Colonia - Red de líneas para turistas Uniformed police from North Rhine-Westphalia and the Federal Border Guard can travel, ticket free, on any of KVB systems. Its route is a total of 17 kilometers (10.6 miles) on which 15 stations are distributed. This transportation system is wired to connect with Line 18 of the metro and Line 140 of the bus system. – Choose from over 800 stops in Cologne (KVB tram and bus, S-Bahn, regional trains, DB) as well as KVB lines outside of Cologne. Local transport systems rarely provide announcements in English, but network maps are commonly available to assist with your journey. This is Cologne’s longest railway line. The system operates in conjunction with the tram and the S-Bahn, a train that operates in the city’s surrounding areas. 2230x1717 / 1,19 Mb Go to Map. This line runs from Chorweiler station to Ubierring station and covers a route of 15.2 kilometers (9.4 miles). Cologne tram line 1 at the stop Heumarkt (1982) Photographer: Henrik Boye. Almost the entire fleet is currently integrated with Flexity Swift K4500 trains, although the modern K5000 and K5200 models have recently been incorporated. The city’s temperature ranges between 14 and 19°C (57.2 and 66.2°F) during the hotter months, and the average temperature during winter months is between 3 and -0.5°C (37.4 and 31.1°F). A 3% discount on all methods is offered with the app. Line 4’s route runs along the west-east corridor from Bocklemünd to Schlebusch station. The first underground tunnel route was ready in 1963 and traveled through the entire city center, from Magnusstraße to Dom /Hauptbahnhof station. History. Approximately, 493,150 passengers use the metro daily. Additionally, there is the Alumini Ticket which is especially for alumni, under the age of 21. The first underground stretch opened in 1968. Running from Merkenich station to Zollstock station, this route covers the north-south corridor of the city. The Kölner Verkehrs-Betriebe (KVB) local transport company moves daily around 800,000 people with almost 60 lines, a good 380 trams and 320 buses. For kids, the Bimmelbahn is brilliant. When you arrive by plane at the Cologne/Bonn airport you will take a “S-Bahn” (suburban railway) to go to the city centre. There are sections on every line that connect with the underground train and others that connect with the surface level tram. In the 1960s, Köln decided to build an underground tram system (like Stuttgart or Hanover) instead of a full metro (like Nuremberg or Munich). - plan du tramway de montpellier - Tous les plans pour se déplacer dans n'importe quelle ville. MobilPass: This is a special VRS network card that can be purchased at the city’s various authorized JobCenter locations. 10 of these stations connect underground and three connect to the tram. 2B Ticket (City Plus): This ticket is valid for trips from Cologne or Bonn to other cities or neighboring municipalities and vice versa. Recherche d'adresses, de lieux, comparateur d' itinéraires pour préparer vos déplacements partout en France It has a length of 45.6 kilometers (28.3 miles), which mostly consists of the stretch along the city’s neighboring areas. Running parallel to Line 16, its distinctive color is blue. However, the cable car is currently out of service due to an accident on July 30, 2017 and the system has remained under inspection over these last few months. Take the train from Bonn Hbf to Köln Süd Rb48 / ... 5€ - 50€ Cheapest option. Most local train stations are linked to tram stops and are equipped with live departure boards. Trains from Amsterdam to Cologne. There are 5 ways to get from Bonn to Cologne by train, tram, rideshare, taxi or car. The name of the next stop will be displayed by information boards in trams and buses. A day pass will set you back about €8. From my hotel I would need to take a tram and then change to the airport train at Köln-Ehrenfeld station. However, general ticket prices have undergone modifications according to various programs offered by the KVB. Trouvez l’adresse qui vous intéresse sur la carte Bruxelles ou préparez un calcul d'itinéraire à partir de ou vers Bruxelles, trouvez tous les sites touristiques et les restaurants du Guide Michelin dans ou à proximité de Bruxelles. Cologne rail map. Cologne’s main station is one of Europe’s most important railway hubs. Cologne’s extensive public transport network ensures convenient and fast travel around the town. There are 3 types of "Train" ICE, S-BAN and U-BAN. There are a total of 17 stations of which 12 are a part of the underground system and the rest are tram stops. The airport station also connects with the regional train lines RE6 and RE8 and the S-Bahn S13 line, which also connects at Köln Hauptbahnhof. They operate as two cars. Politica de privacidad|Privacy|Confidencialité  ||  Cookies  ||  **Credits, Politica de privacidad|Privacy|Confidencialité. 2004 © UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl.UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl. - forum Allemagne - Besoin d'infos sur Allemagne ? doc.teaser[doc.teaser.length - 1] : doc.teaser | limitTo : 60 : 0 }} ... Cologne’s extensive public transport network ensures convenient and fast travel around the town. Cologne has an excellent public transport network consisting of trams, local trains and buses. Le fait est que la ligne de métro peut commencer sous terre, après quoi elle passe doucement à la surface, et l'arrêt de tramway devient le point final. v1.8 (29-12-2019)-Nachtverkehr – Netzplan (Stand: 15.12.2019) in besserer Qualität integriert-unnötige Berechtigungen entfernt/useless permissions removed Its 194.8 kilometers (121 miles) are distributed along 12 lines and 223 stations. Cologne is a beautiful city where a bustling modern environment complements historic architecture. Please try again later, or send us an e-mail. Right in front of the main station you will find the Cologne Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The distinguishing color for this line is blue. You can travel to Cologne quickly and comfortably from major cities in Germany and other European countries: Every day, more than 1,300 trains run between Cologne and destinations throughout Germany and abroad. L'autorité de transport public de Cologne (Kölner Verkehrs-Betriebe AG, KVB) a signé un contrat avec le consortium de fabricants Alstom et Kiepe Electric pour la fourniture de 64 tramways à plancher bas. Experience the history of Cologne from an unusual perspective. 38 of these are underground. Answer 1 of 10: Hi, I have an earlish flight from Cologne airport. In 1967, however, the government began to evaluate the situation and proposed putting a plan into place that would more efficiently connect Bonn with the city of Cologne. With just over a million inhabitants, Cologne (Köln) is Germany's fourth largest city. It is located 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from central Cologne and 16 kilometers (10 miles) from Bonn, a satellite city located northeast of the metropolis. Several tram stops in Central Cologne are fitted with lifts too. Transports en commun à COLOGNE : retrouvez les coordonnées de toutes les meilleures adresses du Petit Futé (TAXI RUF, KVB - TRANSPORTS EN COMMUN). Services. It is also recommended to consistently check one’s ticket validity to ensure that it is being used in the right location for which it was purchased. Additionally you have the up-to-date KVB service alerts for trams and buses, in case there are cancellations, delays, etc. Most local train stations are linked to tram stops and are equipped with live departure boards. It is important to note that the prices for train system tickets are different from the bus ticket prices, even though they operate under the same management. The type tram ticket required, were to board, and the recommended time to board the tram to be at the park for opening at 09.00am. The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne, including … This is good if you plan to buy a car in the near future. The public transport in Cologne is excellent. The official inauguration took place on October 11, 1968, when the first operating phase was put into place. I noticed a quite extensive tram network in the area, stretching from Cologne to Bonn. An error has occurred. Feel free to contact us if you dont find the system you're looking for and we'll add it as soon as we can! As of 2018, the Alumini Ticket can be purchased for 97.50 euros (119.19 US$) and includes unlimited trips within the city and its surroundings. This gave rise to the elaboration of a complete transportation development plan that proposed the extension and improvement of the surface level railway as well as the construction of new lines. COLOGNE !! All the lines run in similar intervals at similar times. The Cologne Cable Car (German: Kölner Seilbahn or Rheinseilbahn (Köln)) is a gondola lift that runs across the river Rhine in Cologne, Germany. 2021: Lignes de métros de Cologne - Plan des lignes pour les touristes 2021: Linhas ferroviárias em Colônia - Rede de rotas turísticas 2021: Líneas ferroviarias en Colonia - Red de líneas para turistas Cologne's Christmas markets are seriously amazing. These light rail vehicles were manufactured by the German Canadian company, Bombardier Transportation which is characterized by its low-floor models. The ticket prices vary according to the trips taken, the geographic area and the station routes. Prochains passages. Cologne is a beautiful city where a bustling modern environment complements historic architecture. Plans de quartier Tram. Pink is this line’s distinguishing color. It cost 10 euros (12.2 US$) and cannot be used by people over the age of 16. The KVB also offers various subscription methods for frequent travelers that include weekly, monthly or annual payments. Another program is the Schüler Ticket, which is especially designed for secondary students. Traveling via Intercity Express (ICE) ICE 10, ICE 45 and ICE 49 routes, the station provides a connection to Köln Hauptbahnhof, which in turn, connects with lines 16 and 18 of the metro. Taxis are available outside the station. Télécharger le pdf. FAQ. We are sorry! Travel by train to Cologne easily. It was then that the project was structured into underground tunnels on which t… The tram and subway system are basically the same in Cologne, so even if you get on a “tram” it might go underground and vice versa. Le début de la construction du métro de Cologne remonte à la fin du XIXe siècle, lorsqu'un tramway à chevaux a commencé à fonctionner dans la ville. Inside Cologne: Trams and Trains - Before you visit Cologne, visit Tripadvisor for the latest info and advice, written for travelers by travelers. Dogs travel, completely free of charge, on the railway network. The system’s standard fare is 1.90 euros ($US 2.30) and it operates from 5:00 am to 12:00 midnight. Cologne’s transportation system is completely interconnected. Services de plans, calcul d'itinéraires et guide d'adresses pour préparer vos déplacements sur toutes les routes de Belgique et d’Europe. The public transportation association expects to complete both works in the current decade. The train system has connections to the bus line which is also a part of the KVB. Additionally, the system has a proposal to extend Line 3 to the west of the city that will reach Görlinger Zentrum through the underground tunnels. Le réseau de tram de Bruxelles dispose d’un total de 298 stations distinctes avec de nombreuses correspondances entre-elles et avec les autres moyens de transport (métro, bus, …).Voir le plan du réseau (métro, tramway, […] Light pink is this line’s distinguishing color. From my hotel I would need to take a tram and then change to the airport train at Köln-Ehrenfeld station. The Cologne Metro is an underground transportation system found in the west of Germany in the city of Cologne. It is best to consult Cologne Stadtbahn’s updated schedules on the official website, which is available in several languages, at It allows single trips between towns like Frechen, Leverkusen, Siegburg and Euskirchen. It is only valid from January 1 to September 30 and may only be used between 9:00 am and 3:00 pm. The responsibility of the ticket cost is usually assumed by the academic institution and can be paid in eleven monthly installments. Despite Cologne’s low criminal index, it never hurts to take certain security precautions while also protecting ones belongings. Light blue is Line 17’s distinguishing color. The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne, including several surrounding cities of the Cologne Bonn Region (Bergisch Gladbach, Bonn, Bornheim, Brühl, Frechen, Hürth, Leverkusen-Schlebusch, Wesseling). Make friends with the driver. Additionally, Cologne exhibits a magnificent synthesis between antique architecture and the monuments of the 21st century. This line can be identified by the color orange. You may also buy your ticket online or via mobile phone on 0800 – 52 82 82 31. Calculez votre itinéraire. You can pay with coins or “Geldkarte” money card/e-purse. If not, is there a system like the public transport cards in use in the Netherlands/London so that you can take any tram/bus, or do I need to buy single tickets for every trip? Pack your bags, pals. Just download or order now, You need information, press photos or videos? Cologne Bonn airport terminal map. The fastest journey time by train from Cologne Bonn Airport to Köln Hbf is 13 minutes. This is actually the southern part of the Rhine-Ruhr region’s S-Bahn system. Cologne tram [edit | edit source] In 1877 took the first Cologne horse courses on the operation. Puis les premières lignes électriques sont apparues, dont les itinéraires ne passaient pas seulement au centre de la ville, mais aussi à sa périphérie. Carte Amsterdam - Carte et plan détaillé Amsterdam Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Amsterdam et de ses environs ? Date: Marz 26, 1988. Le constructeur français Alstom a annoncé mercredi avoir remporté un contrat de près de 220 millions d’euros pour la fourniture de 64 tramways à Cologne, symbolique sur un marché allemand dominé par ses concurrents Bombardier et Siemens.. Plan schématique des lignes A & B. Télécharger le pdf. The Weekly FlexTicket is valid for seven consecutive days, starting any day of the week. Priority seats for disabled, wheelchair spaces and pram parks are specified in trams and buses. It underwent its initial expansions in 1970, when all the tram lines were interconnected to the main underground system that ran from one end of central Cologne to the other. These are the best cities to live in as a millennial. Some places to visit, via the Stadtbahn, include: If you consider that the information we provide is wrong, not accurated, outdated, translation contains errors, and you would like to help us to improve the can contact us here: moc.ortem-apam@ofni. This line runs along the east-west corridor, from Sülz to Königsforst station. Plan schématique des lignes T1 & T2. Vous pouvez ouvrir, télécharger et imprimer la carte en cliquant sur la … It is also the third largest city in the Federal Republic of Germany, covering a total surface area of 405.15 square kilometers (251.7 square miles). Some of the stations that merge at some point along the route or make parallel trajectories share the same distinct color. Cartographie dynamique, plan interactif du réseau de transports urbains de la ville de Montpellier : TAM, automatiquement mises à jour grâce à la liaison dynamique avec une base de données. Cologne’s central rail station is inter-connected with its subterranean tram stop via lifts. Köln, as the city is called in German, winds along with the Rhine river through Western Germany. Vous pouvez également calculer un itinéraire en transports en commun, à pied, à vélo, en train, en bus, en avion et en covoiturage. Plan « Mon métro d’image en image » Télécharger le pdf. It consists of 14 stations, of which the first 8 connect to the surface level tram and the other 6 connect to the underground ones. Rideshare • 42 min. New stations were added as the years passed, transforming the region into an integrated system. Cologne is well connected and you can go everywhere by tram, subway, bus and the suburban railway. They run from Mengenich station to Thielenbruch station. The entire trip is a total of 25.8 kilometers (16 miles), among which neighboring areas of the city can be found. In addition to the railway system and the bus line, the city’s public transportation system manages Kolner Seilbahn. Let me explain. Plan du Tramway - plan de tramway grenoble - Tous les plans pour se déplacer dans n'importe quelle ville. 1A Ticket (CityTicket): This ticket is for trips within a city but not in Cologne and Bonn. Line 3 runs along the city’s east-west corridor. Vous découvrirez l’Altstadt, le quartier historique de Cologne, avec son impressionnante cathédrale dont le clocher domine les toits de la ville. Plans. The funny thing is: tram and subway are the same in Cologne. Thank you for subscribing to the newsletter! It is important to note Cologne’s transportation system has various purchase options. This perception is supported by the large number of museums, theaters, creative spaces and artistic recreation surrounding the city. You will shortly receive an e-mail from us to complete your registration. Among the transportation association’s proposed offers is the PrimaTicket. Even you can get day tickets for one person or for groups, for one or four journeys, and, of course, for longer periods. S-BAN - these are local/regional trains that go overground - they are frequent and run on time! These horse trams was a private company, which affects mainly the transport operation between Cologne and the still unincorporated suburbs. Infos Réseau. The region’s entire transportation system is run by Kölner Verkehrs-Betriebe AG (KVB), which is Cologne’s Public Transport Association. However there are particular variations on each one. Line 12 connects at Zulpicher Platz station, from which the route begins to run through the underground tunnels until reaching the northern end of the city. 3508x2480 / 1,15 Mb Go to Map. How much does the train from Cologne Bonn Airport to Köln Hbf cost? In 2004, the Bahnhof Köln/Bonn Flughafen, the airport train station was inaugurated. Discovering the city by bus and tram is easy because Cologne is well connected to the bus and tram network. Cologne tram line 1 in the square Heumarkt (1988) Photographer: Henrik Boye. Les plans des réseaux semaine, soir et dimanche, les plans des pôles d’échange et le plan touristique en version française, anglaise ou allemande sont téléchargeables au format pdf. 3411x4126 / 4,28 Mb Go to Map. Cologne is a major economic and financial center in Germany, however, the true value in making this cultural capital home is in everything that it brings together. Posez vos questions et parcourez les 3 200 000 messages actuellement en ligne. We will be staying close to Koln HBF in the hope it will be easier to get to Phantasialand from there. – Alphabetical list with a search function or just the stops that are close to you (via GPS). The Cologne Metro has an operating schedule that runs on average from 5:00 am until midnight. Ticket prices are the same for the train and bus system, and usually you’ll have to buy onboard the tram. Paiement PV. The Cologne Metro travels 194.8 kilometers (121 miles) around the city’s four compass points and its surrounding areas. All of them operate under the administration of KVB, the Cologne Public Transport Association. Is there a ticket available for tourists to allow usage for a number of days? Eight of the stations can be found in the underground tunnels, while the rest are located on the surface level of the city. All regulations are established by the KVB, along with the other systems that offer them. Its path runs specifically along the north-south corridor and midway through the route, it connects with Line 16. Almost all KVB trams and buses are provided with ticket machines. In this case, it is Cologne. This is a smart card that is valid for 365 days of the year and throughout the entire service schedule. A day ticket with unlimited travel costs €7.10 EUR ($8 USD). KölnCard holders are entitled to free rides within the VRS public transport network - non-surcharge trains (S-Bahn and RegionalExpress) included. Mappy vous permet de calculer votre itinéraire en voiture avec les conditions de trafic en temps réel. Date: July 1982. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket … It extends a total of 48.4 kilometers (30 miles) of which 30 of its stations are located on the outskirts of the city. … all buses, trams and underground trains (U-Bahn) as well as local train services (S-Bahn, Regionalbahn and RegionalExpress) - the “Kurzstrecke” price category is not valid for S-Bahn, RB, RE or express bus services.